Albania

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Much of Albania's flora is evergreen,more than 3,200 kinds of plants grow in this country, here a side of Prespa lake that shares borders with Albania , Macedonia and Greece.
Albania's land area is made up mostly of hills and mountains, many of them covered with forests. Golem Korab is the highest mountain at 2,753m. It is touching Macedonia and shares borders with Albania.
The traditional architecture of Albania almost disappeared during the Stalinist dictatorship of 1944– 1990. The old towns and bazaars of Tirana and many other urban centers were demolished and replaced by socialist prestige objects or uniform housing blocks. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, virtually all the churches and mosques were razed or transformed beyond recognition. The Catholic cathedral of Shkodra, for instance, was transformed into a sports hall with a volleyball court, and that of Tirana into a movie theater. With the exception of Berat and Gjirokastër, which were declared museum cities, little of the traditional flavor of Albanian towns can now be found. Most of the older public buildings that survived the communist period in Tirana, such as the main government ministries countryside can barely raise enough crops to feed themselves.
Like the lagoons, Albania's large fresh water lakes also offers good opportunities for birdwatchers. The biggest of these is Shkodra Lake- Indeed, at 370Km it is the largest lake in the Balkans- which straddles the border between Albania and Montenegro. Thousand of cormorants winter on this lake. It is relatively shallow ( 44m deepest point ) and is fed by many different rivers as well as by springs, making it very varied in its fish life.
Rozafa castle stands above the confluence of its three rivers, the Drini, the Kiri and the Buna, thus it controls all but the northern approach to the city. It has been fortified since Illyrian times, when the Ardiaean queen Tueta launched her attacks on the Romans from it. So it is over than 2400 years old and it has legend associated with it. Rozafa was the bride of the youngest three brothers. The brothers were told that in order for their castle to stand, some one should be sacrificed. So shortly after the birth of her baby, Rozafa was locked within the walls of the castle. A hole was left in the wall just big enough to feed the baby through. People believe that the waters that fall from the stones at the entrance to the castle represent the milk that flowed from her breast.
This is the center of the city where the statue of the national hero Skanderbeg is on the southern side of the square and is dominated by the buildings of the Opera and the National Historic Museum, as it is good point to start walking, it was good center for people of Albania to start struggling in order to free Albania from 50 years of communist oppression.
The archeological remains at Butrint contains evidence of the various cultures- Trojan, Illyrian and Roman that have occupied Albania.Inhabited since prehistoric times, Butrint has been the site of a Greek colony, a Roman city and a bishopric.Following a period of prosperity under Byzantine administration, then a brief occupation by the Venetians, the city was abandoned in the late Middle Ages after marshes formed in the area. The present archaeological site is a repository of ruins representing each period in the city’s development.
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