Is natural disasters can occur when human behavior conflicts with events within their natural environment?
It’s a little difficult for me to answer that, because humans are as much a part of nature as anything else. Our view that we are separate from other life, or the complete biosphere, helped get us into this mess. We are not gods. We are not caretakers. We are not here to exploit life.
So, a natural disaster, perhaps should be worded as a “disaster” (since all are natural). Now the question is what is a disaster, and from which perspective? If it wipes out many humans then it may be a benefit to the rest of life. If it wiped out ‘change agents’ then it maybe be destructive to the rest of life. From the perspective of other species, mudslides, cyclones, tidal waves can be the best thing to happen for them. if the disaster strikes leaking nuclear waste barrels, it maybe be bad for almost all life.
If the question is whether it is wise for people to build in an area prone to disaster, to forget history and rebuild, and to repeat the process has obvious drawbacks. but where would the people of Bangladesh go for example? some seem even more ludicrous. why do people in Hawaii build homes on top of black lava knowing there will be more eruptions that will destroy those homes? some of it has to do with the imporoper valuation of money. some of it seems more explained by lunacy. near me, there are areas that are very prone to floods. people have houses there. they periodically rebuild. some move away, but there are usually others willing to take a chance to get some property less expensively and simply endure it. it’s a result of water run off from highways, and a lack of old growth. but urban sprawl is quite common. it’s not planned. if there’s profit involved, it will occur whether it is logical or not.
Cyclones in the South Africa region:
In the summer in southern Africa there is a threat of violent tropical storms. These are cyclones, also often called hurricanes or typhoons. They develop winds of more than 80 miles per hour and can generate tall ocean swells that become storm surges when they break across a coastline.These surges can be very destructive,overwhelming houses, people, and animals. In addition, the cyclones can sometimes drop enormous amounts of water inland, causing rivers to swell into lakes. Sometimes the cyclones sweep from east to west across the continent to Angola. A challenge to the medieval peoples of southern Africa was to anticipate the worst storms and to prepare for them.
An insidious aspect of the storms was that the worst ones did not occur every year. Often, storms formed in the east, hit Madagascar, and then weakened and often turned toward the sea. Perhaps unaware of the danger, farmers would move into lowlands and could prosper during years when the worst storms did not come. In the lower reaches of the Zambezi River, this seems to have been common, but it took only one severe cyclone to swell Lake Malawi, sending torrents down the Zambezi to cause the lower reaches of the Zambezi to swell outward, its channels unable to carry the load of water, flooding the land.
There were people who began their settlements with a few mud houses covered with thatch, and the settlements developed into cities and towns on the east coast. Although many of their buildings were made of stone, most people still lived in traditional houses even at the height of the cities’ prosperity in the 1300s and 1400s. Most of these cities were in low-lying areas, thus making them very vulnerable to storm surges. How did the peoples of the cities avoid being swept away? An answer may come from the work of archaeologists who have uncovered walls made of massive stones. These were likely to have been storm walls, intended to fend off surging water.