The Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales (CNES) has released a 3D image of Ross Island, “base” of the explorer Robert Falcon Scott who played role as conqueror of the South Pole with Roald Amundsen, a hundred years ago. “A hundred years ago, he won the South Pole.” The magazine National Geographic France in December 2011 traced the epic race to conquer the South Pole during the competition between Norwegian Roald Amundsen and Captain of the Royal Navy Robert Scott to reach the South Pole. “This 3D image taken by [the satellite] Spot 5 shows the Ross Island , trapped in the ice of Ross platform , which served as a starting point for many expeditions of exploration and the basis for Robert Scott. This island, and the two volcanoes that dominate the area, were discovered and named by the British James Clark Ross in 1841, ”
Conquering the South Pole
Published December 12, 2011 by cnes.fr, Translation by Blue Line There are just 100 years, the Norwegian Roald Amundsen traversed the Antarctic continent and reached the geographic South Pole. In 1911, great period of Polar conquests, Norwegian Roald Amundsen and Robert Scott British embarked on a frantic race to reach the South Pole. The two explorers set up their base south of the Antarctic , at the Great Barrier ice bordering the continent, the platform of Ross. But while Amundsen chose the Bay of Whales, Scott and his team settled on Ross Island, 700 km further east. Everyone then followed a different route . After several weeks of journey, Amundsen defeated his opponent by more than 1 month and won the race. He reached the South Pole on skis, with four crew and 25 sled dogs, 14 December 1911. This 3D image taken by Spot 5 shows Ross Island, trapped in the ice of Ross platform, which served as a starting point for many expeditions of exploration and the basis for Robert Scott.This island, as well as two volcanoes that dominate it, were discovered and named by the British James Clark Ross in 1841. The two mountains Erebus and Terror left to right, bear the names of two ships of the expedition. In their race to the South Pole, Amundsen and Ross christened themselves also many glaciers. On this picture, we see also in the lower left (just in the clouds), the U.S. station McMurdo . Located in the south of the island, it is the largest research base in Antarctica. This image made possible by the sensor of the SPOT 5 HRS which was taken during the SPIRIT project, a French contribution to International Polar Year. Its purpose was to know the precise topography of the polar caps and to study their evolution.